Minimize Research and Applications News
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ANYWHERE project aims to predict weather impacts

17 March 2017

Some 70 scientists, developers and emergency managers from across Europe came together at ECMWF from 15 to 17 March to drive forward a project that aims to provide forecasts of weather impacts, such as damage from wind storms, floods and heat waves.

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Study finds "hotspots" of airborne ammonia over world's major agricultural areas

16 March 2017

In the U.S., efforts to curb acid rain in the 1990s had the unintended effect of increasing ammonia in the atmosphere.

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Could leftover heat from last El Niño fuel a new one?

14 March 2017

Some climate models are suggesting that El Niño may return later this year, but for now, the Pacific Ocean lingers in a neutral "La Nada" state, according to climatologist Bill Patzert of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California.

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First global maps of volcanic emissions use NASA satellite data

09 March 2017

Volcanoes erupt, they spew ash, their scarred flanks sometimes run with both lava and landslides. But only occasionally. A less dramatic but important process is continuous gas emissions from volcanoes; in other words, as they exhale. A number of volcanoes around the world continuously exhale water vapor laced with heavy metals, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide, among many other gases. Of these, sulfur dioxide is the easiest to detect from space.

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New satellite images show inside China’s ghost cities

03 March 2017

China still has a startling number of vacant real-estate developments, judging from new satellite analysis by DigitalGlobe and Business Insider.

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NASA study improves forecasts of summer Arctic sea ice

02 March 2017

The Arctic has been losing sea ice over the past several decades as Earth warms. However, each year, as the sea ice starts to melt in the spring following its maximum wintertime extent, scientists still struggle to estimate exactly how much ice they expect will disappear through the melt season. Now, a new NASA forecasting model based on satellite measurements is allowing researchers to make better estimates.

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SnapPlanet app wins top prize at Space App Camp

28 February 2017

Developers of an app that combines the increasing availability of satellite images with social networking took home the top prize at this year's Space App Camp in Barcelona.

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Genghis Khan: Could satellites help find his tomb?

24 February 2017

For Shay Har-Noy it was an 800-year-old puzzle about the burial place of Mongolian ruler Genghis Khan that sparked a very 21st Century business.

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Two radar eyes are better than one

23 February 2017

A novel airborne experiment over the flat agricultural landscape of the Netherlands recently simulated, for the first time, images that could be taken by radar satellites orbiting in tandem.

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In atmospheric river storms, wind is a risk, too

21 February 2017

Atmospheric river storms are hailed as drought-busters when they bring needed rain and snow, but they have a well-known dark side: damaging floods. A new NASA study documents a second destructive force in these storms: high winds.

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Sentinel-1 data improve iceberg detection

16 February 2017

The Copernicus Sentinel-1A and -1B satellites have increased the number and quality of detections of icebergs in the waters around Greenland.

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Sentinels warn of dangerous ice crack

16 February 2017

Following the appearance of a large crack in the ice shelf close to the Halley VI research station in Antarctica, information from the Copernicus Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 satellites helped to decide to close the base temporarily.

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Landsat eyes help guard the world’s forests

13 February 2017

"We're seeing the loss of forests in many places," said Matthew Hansen, a professor at the University of Maryland. "Dynamics include increasing tropical deforestation, more frequent and severe boreal forest fires, disease in temperate forests and the commoditization of subtropical forests."

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NASA-led campaign studies Hawaii’s iconic volcanoes

08 February 2017

Kilauea Volcano on the island of Hawaii is one of Earth's most active volcanoes, drawing scientists and tourists alike from all over the world to study and witness its spectacular displays of nature. This month, a NASA-led science team is exploring Kilauea and the adjacent volcano Mauna Loa from the air, ground and space. Their goal: to better understand volcanic processes and hazards.

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CryoSat reveals lake outbursts beneath Antarctic ice

08 February 2017

A novel way of using ESA's CryoSat mission has revealed how lakes beneath Thwaites Glacier drained into the Amundsen Sea - potentially the largest such outflow ever reported in this region of West Antarctica.

Special issue on Earth Observation and in-situ sensing for risk assessment from natural threats

07 February 2017

A Special Issue of the MDPI journal has been created and is open to the submission of both review and original research articles, related to the exploitation of spaceborne Earth observation (EO) and in-situ sensors for risk assessment from natural threats.

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Satellites monitor landslides in the Alps

03 February 2017

Climate change-driven glacial melt is causing landslides in alpine regions. Data from the Sentinel-1 satellite mission are being inserted into a new cloud computing system to monitor such hazards globally.

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NASA taking stock of phytoplankton populations in the Pacific

03 February 2017

The microscopic size of phytoplankton, the plant-like organisms that live in the sunlit upper ocean, belies their importance in the global environment. They provide the food source for the zooplankton that ultimately feed larger animals ranging from small fish to whales. And like plants on land, phytoplankton use carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to grow and thrive through photosynthesis, which ultimately releases oxygen into the ocean and atmosphere.

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Fire disaster in Chile – ZKI uses FireBIRD to deliver situational information

31 January 2017

Expansive forest fires have raged through Chile for some weeks now due to a long dry spell. On 25 January 2017, the Chilean National Office for Emergency (Oficina Nacional de Emergencia del Ministerio del Interior; ONEMI) activated the International Charter Space and Major Disasters to obtain up-to-date situation images of the disaster area to assist emergency services.

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How satellite data changed chimpanzee conservation efforts

24 January 2017

Approximately 345,000 or fewer chimpanzees remain in the wild, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, a substantial decline from the more than two million that existed a hundred years ago. Humans' closest genetic cousins, chimpanzees are an endangered species, and scientists and conservationists are turning to the NASA-U.S. Geological Survey Landsat satellites to help bolster their efforts to preserve their forest homes.

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