Minimize Research and Application News
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Ozone layer recovery could be delayed by 30 years

12 October 2017

Rising global emissions of some chlorine-containing chemicals could slow the progress made in healing the ozone layer.

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NASA pinpoints cause of Earth's recent record Carbon Dioxide spike

12 October 2017

A new NASA study provides space-based evidence that Earth's tropical regions were the cause of the largest annual increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration seen in at least 2,000 years.

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Measuring volcanic emissions from space

12 October 2017

Carbon dioxide measured by a NASA satellite pinpoints sources of the gas from human and volcanic activities, which may help monitor greenhouse gases responsible for climate change.

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Secrets of hidden ice canyons revealed

11 October 2017

We are all aware that Antarctica's ice shelves are thinning, but recently scientists have also discovered huge canyons cutting through the underbelly of these shelves, potentially making them even more fragile. Thanks to the CryoSat and Sentinel-1 missions, new light is being shed on this hidden world.

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Public invited to test new tool to study Earth using photos taken by ISS astronauts

03 October 2017

CosmoQuest's Image Detective, a NASA-funded citizen science project, invites the public to identify Earth features in photographs taken by astronauts from the International Space Station (ISS).

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Africa, classified

03 October 2017

From the barren Sahara to lush jungles, the first high-resolution map classifying land cover types on the entire African continent has been released. The map was created using a year's worth of data from the Sentinel-2A satellite.

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NASA damage map aids Puerto Rico hurricane response

28 September 2017

A NASA-produced map showing areas of eastern Puerto Rico that were likely damaged by Hurricane Maria has been provided to responding agencies, including the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The hurricane, a Category 4 storm at landfall on Puerto Rico on 20 September, caused widespread damage and numerous casualties on the Caribbean island, an unincorporated U.S. territory with a population of about 3.4 million.

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Large iceberg breaks off Pine Island Glacier

27 September 2017

Latest satellite images reveal a new 100-square-mile iceberg emerging from Antarctica's Pine Island Glacier. The calving event did not come as a complete surprise, but is a troubling sign with regards to future sea level rise.

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Big Antarctic iceberg edges out to sea

22 September 2017

The giant berg A-68 looks finally to be on the move.

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NASA-produced damage maps may aid Mexico quake response

21 September 2017

A NASA-produced map of areas likely damaged by the 19 September magnitude 7.1 Raboso earthquake near Mexico City has been provided to Mexican authorities to help responders and groups supporting the response efforts. The quake, which struck 75 miles (120 kilometres) south-east of Mexico City, caused significant loss of life and property damage.

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Mapping the world's forests

20 September 2017

Using satellite radar data, scientists have created a global map that quantifies the amount of wood in our forests – a key to understanding Earth's carbon cycle and, ultimately, climate change.

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End-of-summer Arctic sea ice extent is eighth lowest on record

19 September 2017

Arctic sea ice appeared to have reached its yearly lowest extent on 13 September, NASA and the NASA-supported National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) at the University of Colorado Boulder have reported. Analysis of satellite data by NSIDC and NASA showed that at 1.79 million square miles (4.64 million square kilometres), this year's Arctic sea ice minimum extent is the eighth lowest in the consistent long-term satellite record, which began in 1978.

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Monitoring Larsen C rift propagation, calving and iceberg deformation

19 September 2017

Antarctica, the southernmost continent, is an ice-covered land mass. 90% of world's fresh water is in Antarctica. It is broadly divided in to East Antarctica and West Antarctica. Antarctic Peninsula is one of the test beds for monitoring climate variation. 

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Landsat images before and after Harvey illustrate flooding in Texas

15 September 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey has released new Landsat satellite images that show some of the flooding and coastal change Hurricane Harvey's historic rains and storm surge produced across much of eastern Texas.

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NOAA satellites and aircraft monitor catastrophic floods from Hurricane Harvey and Irma

15 September 2017

NOAA's GOES-16 and NOAA-NASA Suomi NPP provide FEMA with the first comprehensive view of flood zones.

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Hurricanes Harvey and Irma, the summer of all records

15 September 2017

With Harvey and Irma, the summer of 2017 will remain in the Hurricane book of records. It will also be remembered by the actors of the Copernicus Emergency Management Service (EMS) who worked tirelessly throughout this intense period marked by many disasters.

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Black Sea water temperatures may buck global trend

15 September 2017

Average surface temperatures of the Black Sea may not have risen, according to the surprising results of a new study from the JRC.

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Arctic sea ice once again shows considerable melting

14 September 2017

This September, the extent of Arctic sea ice shrank to roughly 4.7 million square kilometres, as was determined by researchers at the Alfred Wegener Institute, the University of Bremen and Universität Hamburg. Though slightly larger than last year, the minimum sea ice extent 2017 is average for the past ten years and far below the numbers from 1979 to 2006. The Northeast Passage was traversable for ships without the need for icebreakers.

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Sentinel-1 satellites observe snow melting processes

14 September 2017

Accurate characterisation of snow melting enables a better understanding of hydrological conditions. The Copernicus Sentinel-1 satellites can be used to provide such information in a timely fashion. They help to improve maps that show which areas are susceptible to increased water run-off, therefore contributing to flood risk management.

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Using NASA satellite data to predict Malaria outbreaks

13 September 2017

In the Amazon Rainforest, few animals are as dangerous to humans as mosquitos that transmit malaria. The tropical disease can bring on high fever, headaches and chills and is particularly severe for children and the elderly and can cause complications for pregnant women. In rainforest-covered Peru, the number of malaria cases has spiked. In the past five years, the country has had on average the second highest rate in the South America. In each of the years 2014 and 2015 there were 65,000 reported cases.

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