Research and Application News
13 November 2019
Utah and New Jersey state public health officials are now using a NASA-enhanced website that began in California to strengthen mosquito control efforts. The invasive mosquito surveillance system, called CalSurv (short for California Vectorborne Disease Surveillance System), helps mosquito control agencies and public health officials monitor and respond to potential outbreaks of mosquito-borne diseases by mapping the insects that can carry these deadly viruses.
06 November 2019
A new satellite-based map of a section of the Amazon Basin reveals that at least some of the massive fires burning there this past summer were concentrated in water-stressed areas of the rainforest. The stressed plants released measurably less water vapor into the air than unstressed plants; in other words, they were struggling to stay cool and conserve water, leaving them more vulnerable to the fires.
With traditional methods of data collection such as census and surveys being challenged by low response rates, experts are now asking if the use of earth observation — or EO — data to support monitoring of the Sustainable Development Goals can be a viable alternative.
06 November 2019
NASA scientists are helping California create a detailed, statewide inventory of methane point sources - highly concentrated methane releases from single sources - using a specialized airborne sensor. The new data, published this week in the journal Nature, can be used to target actions to reduce emissions of this potent greenhouse gas.
31 October 2019
On 11 October, some 95 km from the Saudi city of Jeddah, an Iranian-owned oil tanker was damaged, resulting in the loss of oil in the Red Sea. The Copernicus Sentinels are being used to monitor the resulting oil spill.
Millions more people will be at risk of coastal flooding from climate-driven sea-level rise later this century.
25 October 2019
Wildfires have been making headlines again this month, with multiple fires burning in Lebanon and California, but these are just some of the many fires 2019 has seen. Fires in the Amazon sparked a global outcry this summer, but fires have also been blazing in the Arctic, France, Greece, Indonesia as well as many other areas in the world.
Mangroves are groups of trees and shrubs that live in coastal intertidal zones. Mangroves stabilize the coastline and provide a critical ecosystem for fish and other organisms, thus making them important lifelines for human and other species alike. But the mangroves in Sierra Leone are disappearing due to coastal erosion.
24 October 2019
NASA has for years used its cutting-edge space-based and airborne instruments to better understand hurricanes and give weather forecasters new insights they could use to improve the accuracy of their storm forecasts. A NASA program focused on bringing new weather research to bare on forecasting challenges is now tackling predictions of a hurricane's strength.
A new generation of environmental monitoring – the DLR DESIS spectrometer begins routine operations on the ISS
23 October 2019
On 23 October 2019, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) and the U.S. company Teledyne Brown Engineering (TBE) will announce the start of routine operations for the 'DLR Earth Sensing Imaging Spectrometer' (DESIS). This instrument will be operated by DLR and TBE. It is the most powerful hyperspectral Earth observation instrument in orbit and addresses a wide range of applications. Its high-resolution image data will enable the development of measures for environmental protection and support the more efficient, ecological use of agricultural land.
08 October 2019
The team behind one of NASA's most productive Earth-observing satellite missions and a leading scientist who has studied the impact of humans on global land cover changes have been honoured with the 2019 William T. Pecora Award for achievement in Earth remote sensing.
08 October 2019
As we pump more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, the world is warming at an alarming rate, with devastating consequences. While our vast oceans are helping to take the heat out of climate change, new research shows that they are absorbing a lot more atmospheric carbon dioxide than previously thought – but these positives may be outweighed by the downsides.
08 October 2019
Two awardees have been recognised with the 2019 William T. Pecora Award for achievements in Earth remote sensing.
Nature Map Earth to help governments operationalize targets for biodiversity conservation and restoration
05 October 2019
Not too long ago, the Earth's lungs were burning, leaving environmentalists all over the world very worried. According to Wikipedia, almost 906,000 hectares of Amazon forest land burned in the fire.
02 October 2019
Water, whether in the coastal ocean, or inland lakes and reservoirs, is a vital resource for human activities, and an important ecosystem.
A Danish R&D project is developing an automatic sea ice product service, which can meet the increased demands for better and more timely sea ice information, using the extensive amount of free and available data from the Copernicus Sentinel satellites, along with novel machine learning techniques for satellite data fusion and sea-ice information retrieval.
01 October 2019
Who knew being a scientist could be as easy as pointing your phone at the sky? For the second year in a row, NASA and The GLOBE Program are asking citizen scientists to take out their phones and report what kinds of clouds they see.
30 September 2019
Last week, students and environmentalists took part in a high-profile global climate strike started by youth activist Greta Thunberg. The remarkable media attention for the events has caused many to wonder about the science of climate change. How do we know what we know?
Copernicus services enable civil authorities to anticipate the spread of wildfires and to assess air pollution from forest blazes
27 September 2019
Wildfires are a natural part of the Earth's ecology as they return nutrients from dead wood and dense undergrowth to the soil. They can, however, also lead to the loss of human and animal life, damage to property and the emission of atmospheric pollutants that can travel thousands of kilometres. Rising summer temperatures and the increased frequency of droughts due to climate change compound the risk by providing ideal conditions for fires to spread. Observations and forecasts are therefore vital to identifying potential hotspots and to managing the effects of these mostly human-induced events.
24 September 2019
Featuring ECOPOTENTIAL, a European funded project that focuses on a set of internationally recognised protected areas, this video describes how the unprecedented availability of satellite data allow scientists to understand large scale changes in our environment and how best to protect it.
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